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A ‘Fit out’ is the process of making interior spaces suitable for occupation. If you’re involved in organising a new fit out or refurbishment of an office space, it’s helpful to have a basic understanding of the different forms of fit out and an explanation of the phrase 'turnkey developments'.
In most cases, the base construction is completed by the developer while the final fit out is completed by a fit out and refurbishment specialist chosen by the occupant.
Depending on the degree of completion of the building and the requirements of the occupant, office fit-outs can take a range of different forms.
The shell and core is the completed outer framework of a building. It refers to the installation of the basic structure of the building, which gives the 'shell'. Generally, shell-and-core works cover the structure, cladding, base plant, common areas and external works. This type of fit out project may also extend to main reception areas, lobbies, toilets, stairwells, basements, lift shafts, car parking areas, loading bays, etc.
Category A fit out is the basic landlord fit out. Although there is no standard definition, a category A fit out provides a basic level of finish and is often expected to include the following:
Mechanical and electrical services Raised floors and suspended ceilings Basic fire detection systems Blinds Finishes to internal walls
Category B fit out is the completion of the fit-out of the internal space to meet the particular requirements of the tenant. This way, the tenant is able to create a tailor-made space that brings out their company’s unique character to life. This type of project may include the following:
Final finishes and branding Partitioning (including meeting rooms, offices and breakout spaces) Fully fitted kitchens, reception and non-communal office amenities Installation of IT and audio-visual equipment Installation of furniture
A turnkey project means that the developer or landlord has provided the tenant with a space that's fitted out ready for use. They simply have to turn the key and open the door. Turnkey projects provide the tenant with spaces that are fully fitted out and ready for use.
Now that you’re familiar with the industry jargon and can tell the difference between a Cat A and Cat B fit out, you’re one step closer to narrowing down your office fit out search. If you are considering leasing and fitting-out a new office, speak to us at Custom Interiors. We have gathered together the best creative, technical and commercial talent to ensure your fit out project is delivered on time, to budget and truly meets the requirements of your business.